a figure of speech in which someone (usually, but not always absent), some abstract quality, or a nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present. Following are two examples of apostrophe:
Papa Above!
Regard a Mouse.
-Emily Dickinson

Milton! Thou shouldst be living in this hour;
England hath need of thee . . ..
-William Wordsworth

Papa Above!
Emily Dickinson

Papa above!
Regard a Mouse
O’erpowered by the Cat!
Reserve within thy kingdom
A “Mansion” for the Rat!

Snug in seraphic Cupboards
To nibble all the day
While unsuspecting Cycles
Wheel solemnly away!

Emily Dickenson uses this literary device in her poem “Papa Above!” to indicate who she is referring to. She has degraded herself to a mouse, who is degraded even more into a rat, and she is speaking to her father, who has passed away. She believes that she is a sinner, hence the term “rat”, and the only way for her to reach heaven is for her father to save her a spot. By using apostrophe, Dickenson is able to achieve the emotional bond between the narrator and the father.

Link: Apostle Fee

“They say that God is everywhere, and yet we always think of Him as somewhat of a recluse.”

~Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson

     Emily or should I say Poetess Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachuetts on December 10, 1830. Emily lived secluded in the house she was born in, except for the short time she attended Amherst Academy and Holyoke Female Seminary, until her death on May 15, 1886 due to Bright's disease.
     Emily was an energetic and outgoing woman while attending the Academy and Seminary. It was later, during her mid-twenties, that Emily began to grow reclusive. She attended almost exclusively to household chores and to writing poetry. 
     Many scholars have tried to understand and theorize why Emily decided to seclude herself in her home and write about the most intimate experiences and feelings of life. I think that the best of these theories is that Emily could not write about the world with out first backing away from the it and contemplating it from a distance.
     Emily had a few friends and acquaintances from day to day. One of these aquaintances was Thomas Wentworth Higginson whom she sent a few pieces of her poetry to. He rejected her poems, but he was eventually the first to publish her work after her death. Emily only had a six or seven of her poems published during her lifetime--and those without her consent. The number is argued over because one poem was published more than once.
      It was after her death that her poems were discovered. It is estimated that Emily wrote over 1700 poems.